Learners are different. They know different things; they have different cultural and linguistic backgrounds. They have different experiences outside school. They have different interests, learning styles and intelligences. Teachers can also think about activating learners through different learning styles or multiple intelligences, so as to reach a larger number of learners and interest them in the topic. We are all intelligent - in at least eight different ways. Howard Gardner, suggests that we have at least eight different kinds of intelligences: linguistic, logical-mathematical, bodily-physical, visual-spatial, musical, naturalistic,interpersonal and intrapersonal. Here is a brief description of each intelligence.
Linguistic: Verbal. like working with words, reading and writing.
Logical-mathematical: like concepts, think logically and like puzzles and problems.
Kineasthetic/ Bodily-physical: enjoy sports and games, like to move around and learn by doing, use body language to communicate.
Visual-spatial: think in images or pictures, learn by seeing and by using charts or diagrams.
Musical: enjoy learning and/or making music, have a sense of rhythm and melody.
Naturalistic: enjoy the natural world, animals and are interested in the environment.
Interpersonal: Social, like working in groups, and learn well if they study or discuss things with other people.
Intrapersonal: understand your own feelings and thoughts, like to daydream and fantasise and to work alone, like to know why they are doing something.
In this clip, the teacher chooses an activating technique which appeals to interpersonal and kinaesthetic learners; they work in pairs and move around to find matching cards. This clip was filmed at the Isendoorn College in Warnsveld. The learners are second year pupils (average age 13-14), The subject is history and the teacher is Michel van Dam.